Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosives (CBRNE) Information

  • Georgi Markov Assassinated with Ricin in 1978
    Bioterrorism,  CBRNE,  Mysteries

    Unsolved Mystery: Novelist Georgi Markov Poisoned With Deadly Ricin

    News reports of envelopes tainted with the deadly biological agent, Ricin, got me thinking about the 1978 assassination of a Bulgarian dissident, Georgi Markov, who was an acclaimed novelist and playwright. Why was Markov murdered? Markov was outspoken of the Bulgarian government and communism and wrote about it in novels, short stories and playwrights. His writings angered the Bulgarian government, causing Markov to defect to Italy in 1969. He migrated to England and received political asylum in 1971. Following his Bulgarian defection, Markov was accused of being a traitor and tried and convicted in absentia, sentenced to six years, six months in prison. From 1975 until his death in 1978,…

  • Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (Category A) Source CDC Frederick Murphy
    Bioterrorism,  CBRNE

    What are Bioterrorism Agent Categories?

    Bioterrorism, one of the five types of terrorism that come from the acronym CBRNE (see CBRNE article), is the intentional release of a biological agent. There are four types of biological agents: bacteria, viruses, rickettsia and toxins. Bioterrorism agents are classified by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) into three categories, based on how easily they are spread and the severity of the illness or death they cause. Category A consists of the highest risk biological agents and Category C consists of emerging threats for disease┬ásuch as influenza and H1N1. An excellent example of the CDC Bioterrorism Agent Classification system is represented in the table below from Baylor College of…

  • Amerithrax Investigation (Source: FBI)
    Bioterrorism,  CBRNE

    What The Heck is CBRNE?

    What the heck is CBRNE and what does it stand for? CBRNE is an acronym used to describe types of terrorist weapons, which stands for Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosives. CBRNE is often described as Weapons of Mass Destruction. Throughout our history, CBRNE weapons have been utilized by terrorists to inflict mass casualties as well as cause major disruptions to society. For example, shortly after 9-11, letters tainted with the biological agent, Anthrax (bacillus anthracis) were mailed and subsequently investigated as the Amerithrax case. Of the CBRNE weapons, biological agents pose a serious threat due to their relatively easy access, their potential for rapid spread and delayed onset of…